The project Modeling and Control of Urban Traffic in the City of Medellín (MOYCOT) is a research initiative supported by the Administrative Department of Science, Technology and Investigation (Colciencias). Since 2013 the project has had two stages: one between 2013 and 2016 (Proyecto Colciencias 111856934640 contrato 941-2012: Modelamiento y Control de tráfico urbano en la ciudad de Medellín. Convocatoria 569.) and another between 2016 and 2017 (Proyecto Colciencias 111856934640 contrato – FP44842-202-2015: Modelamiento y Control de tráfico urbano en la ciudad de Medellín Fase 2. Convocatoria 669).
The main goal of this project is to improve mobility and reduce congestion in a multi-modal traffic system, understood as a system in whose intersections vehicles, motorcycles, Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and some bycicles can interact through the coordination of different kinds of trafic lights (isolated, single-mode and multi-mode). This coordination is based in the solution of optimization problems whose communications structure could be hierarchical or distributed (a centralized structure is not considered as valid since the scaling type in traffic systems).